types of pasture grasses
(Panicum antidotale) This 48-to 54 inch tall bunchgrass has coarse stems growing from a dense crown of thick, short, bulbous rhizomes. The apex end is blunt or rounded. (Elymus canadensis) This 24- to 48inch tall bunchgrass has wide blades and an awned spike seedhead resembling wheat or barley which drops or nods when mature. (Festuca arundinacea) This 18- to 48inch tall grass has slender stems produced from large crowns. It grows on upland sandy soil in areas 2 and 5 through 10, is a perennial, warm native and provides fair grazing for wildlife; fair grazing for livestock. The upper two-thirds of the plant freely branches. Leaves are opposite and have short or no leaf stem. (Spartina spartinae) This 36- to 72inch tall bunchgrass has stout, coarse stems growing from a crown of dense tufts. Internodes are flattened and the ligule is a conspicuous ring of white hairs. Stem length depends on growth conditions. ]�]�X٩�s9 z~~L)�L)�n�=��l)�&?�a The leaves have long, silky hairs on the upper surface and are thicker near the collar. In late spring, the white, persistent glumes resemble oats after the awned seeds have fallen. Terminal panicles are long, loose, open and usually erect, but slightly drooping at maturity. Seed pods are flattened, four to six times as long as wide and have thickened margins, This perennial, warm native grows in areas 2, 6 and 7 and provides fair grazing for and is poisonous to wildlife and livestock. Thin paspalum is a perennial, warm native that provides fair grazing for wildlife and livestock. (Hilaria belangeri) This pale green, sodforming grass grows 4 to 10 inches tall with creeping surface runners which take root at the leafy nodes. Culms are knee-like at the base; nodes usually are dark and swollen. Stems are wiry with slightly rough leaves. Flowers may cover the upper third of the stems and are quite showy along the roadsides in early fall. It has compound leaves, with 11 to 17 leaflets on a central leaf branch. Early examples of such Selecting pasture species for quantity and quality When selecting species for quantity, use forage sorghums or tropical grasses. The lower part of the stem has large nodes and internodes with branches coming from the nodes. (Chloris cucullata) This tufted, erect bunchgrass grows 12 to 24 inches tall with ‘ flat, bluish-green stems and sheaths. Pods have divisions between the seeds and are reddish brown when ripe. Skunkbush is a perennial, warm native that grows in areas 4, 5, 7, 8 and 10 and provides fair grazing for wildlife and livestock. There are approximately 20 different grass and legume species grown that warrant individual attention. It decreases with heavy grazing and is a perennial, cool native that provides fair grazing for wildlife; good grazing for livestock. A It grows on uplands in areas 1 through 10 and invades disturbed and overgrazed areas, It is an annual, warm native that provides poor grazing for wildlife and livestock. The grass names also indicate something about their growth habit and appearance. Each spikelet is borne on a footstalk and contains three to five pineapple shaped florets, each with about 12 unequal awns. It is a perennial, warm native that provides poor grazing for wildlife and livestock. It grows mostly in bottomlands in areas Z, 4 and 6 through 9 and is a perennial, cool, introduced grass that provides fair grazing for wildlife; good grazing for livestock. (Hilaria mutica) This sod-forming grass grows 12 to 24 inches tall from a coarse, woody, scaly rootstock. Leaves are compound; leaflets come from opposite sides of a central stem, are mostly alternate, entire and abruptly pointed on both ends and are not sessile. Tall fescue is grown for pasture, hay, silage and as a companion crop with other forage grass varieties and legumes. It grows in areas 1 through 10 and is a perennial, warm, introduced grass that provides fair grazing for wildlife and livestock. Leaves are strongly lobed into distinct, long, narrow, pointed segments. It sometimes has short stolons. The inflorescence is short and compact, making it appear as a cylinder. It grows on upland hills and ridges and invades overgrazed ranges in areas 2, 3 and 5 through 10. The pinkish, narrow, loose panicle is 5 to 10 inches long. The inflorescence usually has two rooster comblike spikes that curve downward when mature, with no stinger. Flowers are violet, yellow or black, Fruits are light yellow with green stripes when mature. scribnerianum) The 10- to 25-inch tall stems are smooth to harshly hairy, growing from a decumbent base. 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