concept of decent work agenda
We will cooperate internationally to ensure safe, orderly and regular migration involving full respect for human rights and the humane treatment of migrants regardless of migration status, of refugees and of displaced persons.”. As instruments of good governance, they foster cooperation and democratic participation, helping to create an enabling environment for economic growth and for the realization of the objective of Decent Work at all levels. The poorest and least protected, often women, children and migrants, are among the most affected. In other countries, the Ministries in charge of labour issues may sometimes be side-lined in key policy and budgetary decisions; and yet in other countries, the weakening of social dialogue institutions – often with the motive of lowering labour costs and boosting competitiveness – has not necessarily led to the expected effects on economic growth, while it has seriously aggravated inequalities, along with a rapid decline in collective bargaining coverage. DECENT WORK & OLDER WORKERS. In so doing, ALMPs can contribute to employment and economic growth and reduce unemployment as rapidly as possible and with the best possible job match, by providing jobseekers with the support they need to successfully re-enter the labour market. NEPs therefore contribute to policy coherence (SDG target 17.14) and national ownership (17.15). The 2030 Agenda does not refer to global supply chains directly, but points out in its paragraph 63 that “national development efforts need to be supported by an enabling international economic environment, including coherent and mutually supporting world trade, monetary and financial systems, and strengthened and enhanced global economic governance”. When the ILO launched its concept Decent Work in 1999, expectations amongst labour market analysts were raised, hoping that the concept would lead to new measurements, more extensive and internationally comparable data gathering, synthetic employment indicators and theoretical advances in our understanding of the functioning of labour markets. For the purposes of this report, they are used synonymously. , The Sustainable Development Goals also proclaims decent work for sustainable economic growth. Unless productive employment is at the heart of macroeconomic and social policies and the aggregate demand for labour is expanding, it is not possible to have successful programmes to integrate disadvantaged young people into the labour market. This paper examines the impact of the ILO’s concept of Decent Work on development thinking and the associated literature. The youth employment challenge is, on the one hand, closely related to the more general, qualitative and quantitative employment situation in a country. Encouraging entrepreneurship and job creation are key to this, as are effective measures to eradicate forced labour, slavery and human trafficking. 94); the Consultation (Industrial and National Levels) Recommendation, 1960 (No. The first link is conceptual and suggests how the decent work agenda may be connected to a framework that is fast gaining ground in the human development literature. Commitments can be ongoing or upcoming initiatives, programmes and projects; operate at local, country, regional or global level; and be delivered as technical cooperation. Hence, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Decent Work Agenda (DWA) are intimately related and mutually reinforcing. The agricultural sector employs an estimated 935 million workers worldwide, which is 28 per cent of the world's labour force. It can also contribute to facilitating the transition from the informal to the formal economy. cross cutting the 4 pillars of the . 91), and the Co-operation at the Level of the Undertaking Recommendation, 1952 (No. The second model seeks to assist governments and social partners in establishing a conducive and enabling environment for enterprises (including the legal and regulatory framework, the rule of law, the right to secure property and land rights). The situation of the “working poor” must be a matter of particular attention, especially in countries where the formal economy is small, and where many women and men work – often arduously and for long hours – but are simply unable to earn enough to lift themselves and their families out of poverty. Since its founding in 1919, the organization has made an effort to create a social framework for peace and stability. Further guidance is provided by the Collective agreements Recommendation, 1951 (No. There is a strong link between household poverty and child labour, which also contributes to perpetuating poverty across generations by inhibiting upward social mobility based on proper education and schooling. In addition to the ILO system, the goals of full employ-ment and decent … The ILO's Decent Work Agenda outlines four directions (creating jobs, guaranteeing rights at work, extending social protection, promoting social dialogue) (ILO, 2015). Youth employment is not just about jobs; youth employment can be decent only if it incorporates the other three dimensions of decent work as well: rights, protection, voice and representation. The DW4SD Resource Platform offers integrated guidance and working resources on the relationship between Decent Work and Sustainable Development for constituents, ILO staff, UN country team members, development partners and other stakeholders to support national SDG processes. And the key to the success of promoting equality in the labour market is the active involvement of workers' organizations, employers’ organizations and other stakeholders. The Decent Work Agenda of the International Labour Organization (ILO) looks at job creation, rights at work, social protection and social dialogue, with gender equality as a crosscutting objective. The elimination of child labour is explicitly referred to in SDG target 8.7 which commits the global community to “take immediate and effective measures to eradicate forced labour, end modern slavery and human trafficking and secure the prohibition and elimination of the worst forms of child labour, including recruitment and use of child soldiers, and by 2025 end child labour in all its forms”. In these countries, a more equitable distribution of wages and paid employment was a predominant factor. This article describes the origin of the Decent Work concept and analyses its implementation at the national level, and particularly the role of occupational health as a part of the social protection pillar of the Decent Work Agenda . Basic income security for persons in active age who are unable to earn sufficient income, in particular in cases of sickness, unemployment, maternity and disability. Moreover, since employment creation can be considered as the mechanism that translates growth into poverty reduction, NEPs are of great relevance to the fight against poverty (SDG 1) and inequality (SDG 10) but they can only be effective if they respond to local needs. Access to social protection is extremely limited. In many countries, in particular in developing countries, they have created employment opportunities for economic and social development. The "Decent Work" agenda is not new. Decent work is employment that "respects the fundamental rights of the human person as well as the rights of workers in terms of conditions of work safety and remuneration. It is closely linked to the other three pillars of the DWA since the stability, productivity and decency of jobs depend to a large extent on the existence of social safety nets. Utilize the unique platform with a global community of youth employment stakeholders as an exceptional channels to highlight and promote partners’ work through events and communication channels within its network. There is a mixture of on-and off-farm activities ranging from smallholder agriculture or pastoralism to highly sophisticated commercial agribusiness supplying global markets through intense regional and national linkages with industrial and services sectors. Article 22 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states: “everyone, as a member of society, has the right to social security”. All youth employment stakeholders are invited to register individual or joint commitments in pursuit of decent jobs for youth. The white paper will describe the basic, non-technical concepts and public policy rationale for the decent work agenda. The secretariat facilitates coordination and cooperation with partners working in similar areas and offer guidance and support implementation of the commitment. Agriculture remains by far the most important sector where child labourers can be found (98 million, or 59 per cent), but the problems are not negligible in services (54 million) and industry (12 million) – mostly in the informal economy. Recent ILO statistics on child labour reveal that: Child labour is a violation of fundamental human rights and has been shown to hinder children’s development. Since 1919, the ILO has adopted 189 Conventions, 6 Protocols and 204 Recommendations covering a wide range of issues related to the world of work. The platform showcases partners’ work on youth employment and offers a channel for sharing knowledge, information, and collaboration opportunities. The wording of these three targets demonstrates that OSH touches on all three dimensions of the Sustainable Development Agenda. The cost of youth unemployment to economic and social development can be very high. These challenges tend to disproportionately affect women, youth and marginalized groups, requiring integrated and far reaching policy responses. 130), Tripartite Consultation (Activities of the ILO) Recommendation, 1976 (No.152), Collective Bargaining Recommendation, 1981 (No. These resources can be accessed in two windows below: through the 2030 Agenda’s SDGs or through the DWA Outcomes. The struggle for greater equality is fundamental to the Decent Work Agenda. Environmental sustainability constitutes one of the three dimensions of sustainable development, and several SDGs are considered primarily “environmental”: SDG 11 (human settlements), SDG 12 (sustainable production and consumption), SDG 13 (climate change), SDG 14 (oceans) and SDG 15 (ecosystems). In destination countries, labour migration can rejuvenate the workforce, allow labour-intensive sectors such as agriculture, construction and personal services to function, promote entrepreneurship, support social protection schemes, and help meet the demand for skills. Within the 2030 Agenda, Goal 8 calls for ‘sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all’. It is the enabling right to allow effective participation of non-state actors in economic and social policy, lying at the heart of democracy and the rule of law. The rural/urban divide becomes even more apparent when considering poverty rates for people in employment. Countries of origin benefit from remittance flows, and transfer of investments, technology and critical skills through returning migrants and transnational communities (diaspora). At the same time, they reflect the fact that countries have diverse cultural and historical backgrounds, legal systems and levels of economic development. Underemployment is widespread and incomes are generally low. It leverages the collective experience of multiple partners to share curated, state of the art knowledge and to facilitate learning opportunities for the design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of youth employment policies and programmes, Copyright © 2020. They will also play a key role in supporting target 8.b, which calls for a global strategy on youth employment and 9.a, 9.b and 9.3 which aim to facilitate sustainable and resilient infrastructure development in developing countries, support domestic technology through employment-intensive public works interventions and promote access of small-scale industrial and other enterprises to financial services and their integration into value chains and markets. Among them are two of particular importance to the world of work, SDG target 8.8: “protect labour rights of all workers, including migrant workers, particularly women migrants, and those in precarious employment” and target 16.3 “promote the rule of law at the national and international levels, and ensure equal access to justice for all”. It is now commonly acknowledged that economic growth, while necessary, is by no means sufficient to engender sustainable and productive employment. The extension of social protection and the establishment of a national social protection floor is seen as key to reducing and preventing poverty; consequently, SDG 1 on ending poverty includes a target 1.3 which reads: “implement nationally appropriate social protection systems and measures for all, including floors, and by 2030 achieve substantial coverage of the poor and the vulnerable”. The concept of decent work was first proposed by the Director-General of the International Labour Office (ILO) as a unifying framework and a central priority for the organization in his Report to the 87th Session of the International Labour Conference in June 1999. Fair terms of employment, decent working conditions, safety and health at work and development for the benefit of all cannot be achieved without the active involvement of workers, employers and governments through social dialogue. Discrimination is a basis for social exclusion and poverty. ALMPs are situated at the intersection between the employment (seen in broad terms – quantity and quality) and social protection dimensions of the Decent Work Agenda, and are designed to add social value to economic investments, and economic value to social expenditures. Effects and can even cause the disappearance of entire job families to arrive at a agreement... 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