border regiment dunkirk
"Now little remembered, regarded and even by-passed in the history of the time, there were men who fought on in France after the main force of the B.E.F. The Lancashire Fusiliers was a line infantry regiment of the British Army that saw distinguished service through many years and wars, including the Second Boer War, the First and Second World Wars, and had many different titles throughout its 280 years of existence. public. Regimental History A short history of 1st Battalion, Border Regiment, 1st Airlanding Brigade, 1st Airborne Division. Then, after yet another railway journey, this time at night, they arrived at Brest. Here in the Basse Forêt d'Eu, supported by the artillery of the 51st Highland Division. However the Regiment can trace its history back over a hundred years prior to this. There was much suffering but also much success, including the taking of many prisoners. Having read the contribution you have made on behalf of Mr Hutchinson I see a mention of a rail journey through Rennes and arrival in Southampton 18th June 1940 (Tuesday). The Loyal Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army that was in existence from 1881 to 1970. ‘Tobruk’ by Frank Harrison [ISBN 1-85409-361-6], War Diaries: Subsequently, the regiment amalgamated with the Green Howards and the Duke of Wellington's Regiment to form the Yorkshire Regiment on 6 June 2006. This story has been placed in the following categories. those of the BBC. The battalion, which had gone to Sicily with a strength of 796 officers and men, returned to North Africa with just 200.  In April 1939, when it seemed clear war was likely to break out with Germany, the TA was doubled in size, with each existing unit forming a duplicate. , The 3rd (Reserve) Battalion was placed in "suspended animation" following the war, and was never embodied again. It deals with the experiences of the 4th Battalion The Border Regiment during World War Two. My email address is firstname.lastname@example.org and I would really appreciate any information to that address post the closure. ... Dunkirk along the line of the Aa Canal, facing the Allied defensive line near Watten. at Dunkirk Corporal Ivan Frank Renwick (1919 - 2013) from the Cleator Moor area of Cumbria served in the Army during the Second World War. ”The Nameless War” by Captain Ramsay [How Zionists use revolutions to destroy the Gentiles] – John de Nugent’s audio and online versions of the 1952 masterpiece by a British WWI hero, Member of Parliament — and Churchill’s irate political prisoner for 4.5 years in Brixton Prison! In 1969 the regiment was amalgamated with the South Wales Borderers to form the Royal Regiment of Wales. After returning to the United Kingdom, the battalion was transferred to the mountain warfare trained 31st Independent Infantry Brigade. The Battalion saw action at Colenso and Spion Kop as part of the campaign to relieve Ladysmith. The 4th Battalion The Border Regiment had been guarding the Lines of Communications i… On the retreat of the German / Italian Forces, the 4th Battalion The Border Regiment occupied the airfield of El Adem. The two Divisions were the 51st Highland Division and the 1st Armoured Brigade. Mixed fortunes followed: one company was ambushed before they reached their objective and scattered. The 4th Border lads were split into 2 groups and didn't meet up until they got back into Britain. I know what you mean about the problems of getting information, David, when you are not either the person who served in the Forces or their Next of Kin. You should be able to get hold of a book in English entitled 'Finest Hour' by Tim Clayton and Phil Craig (1999), Hodder & Stoughton. In October, it was redesignated as the 9th Battalion and was assigned to the 225th Independent Infantry Brigade (Home). The section has been taking part in reenactment / living history events since the early 1990's and is the main focus of VERA. But even so, the fighting patrols still went out, many of them at night. But then at night, the Australian artillery returned the compliment tenfold!  , In July 1957, the Defence White Paper outlined a substantial reduction in the size of the British Army, with a number of regiments being amalgamated. Following the Battle of France, it was evacuated from Dunkirk. There seems to be some accounts in the Public Records Office about what happened. 28 October Arroyo Day Commemorates an action in Spain when the 34th Foot captured the Drums of their French opposite numbers. If your French is rusty that might be a problem, but it can be overcome. As darkness fell and both battalions having prevented the German attempt at encirclement, they moved out on the road to Goderville and finally to the woods and port of Le Havre. The following article has been submitted to the BBC "People's War" website on behalf of Mr Hutchinson. Finally, while still holding Incheville with 'D Company', the Borders and Foresters were driven back, suffering casualties from heavy German mortaring and shelling. The railway complex at Rennes was bombed during mid morning Monday 17th June. Ireland, Channel Islands and Malta 1881–1890, 4th (Westmorland and Cumberland) Battalion, 1909–1919: Maj-Gen. William John Chads, CB, 1936–1947: Brig-Gen. George Hyde Harrison, DSO. Y Gatrawd 4ydd o Glwy'r Traed- The 4th Regiment of Foot (1651) 5. This page has been archived and is no longer updated. To view and read about a French Military Postcard posted from Dunkirk on 24th May 1940, click here. The two regular battalions were stationed as follows: The militia and rifle volunteers of Cumberland and Westmorland also became reserve battalions of the regiment in 1881: The Royal Cumberland Regiment of Militia and the Royal Westmorland Regiment of Militia became the 3rd and 4th Battalions respectively, while the rifle volunteers became the 1st (Cumberland) and 2nd (Westmorland) Volunteer Battalions. Soon, in the middle of recuperation from the long and arduous journey, enemy tanks appeared on the ridge above the woods. After service in the Second Boer War, followed by both World War I and World War II, the regiment was amalgamated with the King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster) into the King's Own Royal Border Regiment in 1959, which was later merged with the King's Regiment (Liverpool and Manchester) and the Queen's Lancashire Regiment to form the present Duke of Lancaster's Regiment (King's, Lancashire and Border), which continues the lineage of the Border Regiment. referenced. The regiment was shifted to the Dutch border for the launch of Fall Gelb. One month after the invasion began the Germans finally accomplished what they had failed to do after four years of protracted warfare in the earlier war. It had been from this airfield of El Adem that the garrison of Tobruk had suffered the attentions of the Luftwaffe dive-bombers almost daily. Mr Hutchinson has written the article which was then sent it in to BBC Radio Cumbria, Carlisle. As I am a volunteer story-gatherer, and no doubt because I have done some research about the war in France, I was asked to type it out and post it to the website. In that year, it moved to Ireland, where the War of Independence had broken out. It would be almost impossible for me to source documentary evidence of kinship to my grand-uncle George. It was formally disbanded in 1953.  Detachments of these battalions saw service in the Boer War of 1899 – 1902, and a 3rd Volunteer Battalion was raised in 1900. I am aware WW2 People’s War is soon to close for contributions. The terms of the BBC “People’s War” website have been read and understood. Personal information on file in military records on individual soldiers is only available to the soldier himself or to next of kin. 51st Field Regiment, Royal Artillery I've just looked through some of my notes and various books in French and English to refresh my memory of what went on. Again, the problem is finding the right person. The regiment converted to artillery in 1920 and served as such in the early years of the Second World War, before becoming part of the Chindits in Burma. 4th Durham Survey Section It served under various titles and fought in many wars and conflicts, including both the First and the Second World Wars, from 1680 to 1959. During the daylight hours, shelling of the British positions in Raschid-el-Fokkar was continuous. Anyway, we can but try! , In the case of the Border Regiment, the regimental district comprised the counties of Cumberland and Westmorland, with the depot established at Carlisle Castle. Over in Europe it seems a lot easier finding out official information about the war and commemoration is taken very seriously. So, all the units of the 70th Division were glad to take the airfield. The 4th Battalion of the Borders were given the task of clearing the woods that were partially held by the Germans. From Brest, they went by ship to Southampton, where they arrived on the morning of June 18th 1940. The South Staffordshire Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence for only 68 years. The regiment's formation was announced on 16 December 2004 by Geoff Hoon and General Sir Mike Jackson as part of the restructuring of the infantry, when it was initially to be known as the King's Lancashire and Border Regiment.The regiment was given its new name in November 2005. They were highly thought of by the Australian troops and the commander, General Leslie Morshead. The regiment was created in 1881 under the Childers Reforms by the amalgamation of the 41st (Welch) Regiment of Foot and 69th Regiment of Foot to form the Welsh Regiment, by which it was known until 1920 when it was renamed the Welch Regiment. Part of the new brigade was the 4th Battalion The Border Regiment. In the next few years, the 2nd Battalion was on garrison duty at various locations: Malta, The Sudan, Tientsin in China and Rawalpindi in India. At this point I should mention that the 51st Regiment of the Royal Field Artillery, comprising of men from Carlisle and all over Cumberland were present during the whole of the siege. So, following in the footsteps of their fathers and uncles of the Great War, the men of Cumberland and Westmorland went down to the battle alongside the Queen's Bays of the 2nd Armoured Brigade. The Battalion was part of the force that suppressed the Afridi and Red Shirt Rebellions of 1930 – 1931. Alongside the Borders were the 4th 'Buffs' who ran into bombardment in the streets of Fécamp. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (, King's Regiment (Liverpool and Manchester), Duke of Lancaster's Regiment (King's, Lancashire and Border), List of battalions of the Border Regiment §. The Border Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army, which was formed in 1881 under the Childers Reforms by the amalgamation of the 34th (Cumberland) Regiment of Foot and the 55th (Westmorland) Regiment of Foot. After Dunkirk, 1st Battalion Border were converted to glider-borne troops. In April 1945, the battalion was transferred to the 36th British Infantry Division, which was previously an Indian Army formation, and became a Reconnaissance Regiment for the division. The Drum was only returned to the Regiment after it had been kept as a war trophy at the SS Marine and Panzer Grenadier Guards Barracks in Holstein. You might also try writing to (or visiting) the Town Hall in Rennes and asking what records they might have. From May 26 to June 3 the British employed nearly 700 ships to evacuate more than 330,000 beleaguered forces (including 140,000 French Soldiers) from the port at Dunkirk. Regards, The East Lancashire Regiment was, from 1881 to 1958, a line infantry regiment of the British Army. However, the battalion left the brigade in November 1939, and was assigned to the newly raised 25th Infantry Brigade and served from 1939–40 in France on lines of communication duties before becoming part of the ill-fated "2nd BEF" that tried to maintain a presence in France after Dunkirk, finally leaving from the Cherbourg peninsular. , The 2nd Battalion was in Italy at the end of the First World War, remaining there until 1919. Here, the 6th British Division was relieving the Australians who had been besieged there since the previous April and who had inflicted the very first defeat of German arms on land. In 1947, it moved to Somaliland and in 1947 to Palestine, returning to the UK in 1950. When war broke out in September 1939, the four TA battalions were as follows: , The 1st Battalion, Border Regiment formed part of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) in Europe from 1939–1940, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Robert Horton Farrar. These messages were added to this story by site members between June 2003 and January 2006. The Border Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army, which was formed in 1881 under the Childers Reforms by the amalgamation of the 34th (Cumberland) Regiment of Foot and the 55th (Westmorland) Regiment of Foot. 271943 and accredited under the Arts Council of England Accreditation Scheme. A 2-pdr anti-tank gun of 44 Battery, 13th Anti-Tank Regiment, 2nd Division in the snow near Beuvry, 15 February 1940. This was the old date for 'Empire Day'. In 1944, the entire division was broken up to become part of Brigadier Orde Wingate's 'Special Force' (the Chindits) and took part in the 2nd Chindit expedition in Burma, before finally returning to the United Kingdom in 1945. It saw action in the Second Boer War, the First World War and the Second World War. In 1970, the regiment was amalgamated with the Worcestershire Regiment to form the Worcestershire and Sherwood Foresters Regiment, which in 2007 was amalgamated with the Cheshire Regiment and the Staffordshire Regiment to form the present Mercian Regiment. Cumbria's Museum of Military Life Alma Block, The Castle, Carlisle, Cumbria, CA3 8UR. , In 1945, the 1st Battalion formed part of the force sent to disarm the German occupiers of Norway, moving on to become part of the Allied Occupation Force in Trieste. By the time of the armistice and the call for peace, the war came to a close at 11am on the 11th day of the 11th month of 1918. Originally part of the 4th Infantry Brigade of the 2nd Infantry Division, it was exchanged with the 1/8th Battalion, Lancashire Fusiliers and became part of the 125th Infantry Brigade of the 42nd (East Lancashire) Infantry Division. Border Regiment. It saw service for three centuries, before eventually being amalgamated with the West Yorkshire Regiment in 1958, to form the Prince of Wales's Own Regiment of Yorkshire. The Luftwaffe harassed the evacuation which is when your uncle was unfortunately killed. 'D Company' held on to Incheville for several days until they ran short of ammunition. were evacuated. Fighting in the Forest continued for two days in support of the 5th Sherwood Foresters. It provided a great boost to British morale, but left the remaining French to stand alone against a renewed German assault southwards. This was a regimental formation of men drawn from the towns and villages of Cumberland and Westmorland: Carlisle, Penrith, Keswick, Grasmere, Longtown, Brampton, Hexham, Alston and many others. He enlisted firstly to the Border Regiment on 15 November 1939. Find out how you can use this. Whilst in Africa, it spent some time fighting the Africa Korps, including taking part in the relief of Tobruk before being posted to British India in 1942–1943. The 1st Borders played a part in the desperate rearguard action towards Dunkirk in May 1940. A marble memorial was established at Dunkirk (Dunkerque), it translates in English as: "To the glorious memory of the pilots, mariners, and soldiers of the French and Allied armi… I sourced a 1960 local newspaper article, in French, which gives the best account of June 1940 events in Rennes that I have so far found. Occupying the village of Kiam in the central sector, the battalion were engaged in patrolling. History. Any information would be much appreciated. The Welch Regiment was an infantry regiment of the line of the British Army in existence from 1881 until 1969. In any case, I hope you find out what happened. In 1958 the regiment was amalgamated with the South Lancashire Regiment to form the Lancashire Regiment which was, in 1970, merged with the Loyal Regiment to form the Queen's Lancashire Regiment. Obtaining information from official sources seems to be quite difficult. They were part of the 70th British Infantry Division]". The Westmorland and Cumberland Yeomanry was a Yeomanry Cavalry Regiment of the British Army that was formed in 1819. There were so many that the newspapers at home dubbed Kendal, the hometown of most of them, 'The Town of Missing Men'. David G. Thanks for taking the time to read the article about the 4 Bn Borders in WW2 and your most interesting question. The battalion was then assigned to the 23rd Infantry Brigade, part of the 70th Infantry Division. WO 169 / 1454 51st Field Regiment, Royal Artillery. The German invaders over-ran Rennes on Tuesday 18th June and currently I have an account of their initial arrival and occupation in translation. In May 1940, the Band of the 1st Loyals was forced to leave their musical instruments behind in the town of Lannoy du Nord, on the border between France and Belgium. He returned to Europe after D-Day and fought through France and Germany with the Guards Armoured Division. Often for this kind of enquiry I've asked at the Town Hall and someone there can usually know where to start or who to contact. Afridi and Red Shirt Rebellions of 1930 – 1931. In the event that you consider anything on this page to be in breach of the site's House Rules, please click here. So, men from Cumberland and Westmorland were present at both checks on Rommel and the German Afrika Corps! The territorial 5th Battalion and 56th Anti-Tank Regiment (the old 4th Battalion) went across to France and Belgium in 1940, along with the newly raised 6th Battalion, 7th Battalion, 8th Battalion and 9th Battalion.All were involved in the actions in May 1940 and were successfully evacuated through Dunkirk. On November 1st 1938, German troops entered the Sudetenland area of Czechoslovakia, occupying the entire region with almost no resistance from the Czech forces – only 3rd Battalion of the 8th Border Regiment briefly resisted advancing German troops before being ordered to lay down their weapons by the Czech High Command. Cumbria's Museum of Military Life is run by the King's Own Royal Border Regiment Museum Trust, a Registered Charitable Trust No. [All the above were present throughout the siege].  110 RAC was disbanded in 1943, and 5th Battalion, Border Regiment was reconstituted in April 1944 by redesignation of the 7th Battalion, a reserve battalion serving in 213th Infantry Brigade, originally created in 1939 as a 2nd Line duplicate of the 5th   It spent the rest of the war as a training battalion,  assigned to the 45th Infantry Brigade, which was initially part of the 80th Infantry (Reserve) Division and then the 38th Infantry (Reserve) Division. The views expressed are theirs and unless specifically stated are not In 2006, the Queen's Lancashire was further amalgamated with the King's Own Royal Border Regiment and the King's Regiment to form the present Duke of Lancaster's Regiment. The Home Counties Division was an infantry division of the Territorial Force, part of the British Army, that was raised in 1908. The East Yorkshire Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army, first raised in 1685 as Sir William Clifton's Regiment of Foot and later renamed the 15th Regiment of Foot. As the name suggests, the division recruited in the Home Counties, particularly Kent, Middlesex, Surrey and Sussex. ... would suffice to drive all the way to Baghdad. Part of the new brigade was the 4th Battalion The Border Regiment. Under orders from the 10th French Army Commander, the 4th Border moved North-West to the line of the River Bresle. 1st Battalion, The Durham Light Infantry In the meantime, I've had a look through your postings, and also the CWGC website about their cemetery at Rennes. The early dawn mist gave way to brilliant unclouded weather as the tanks and infantry moved to the attack. Both Battalions were heavily engaged in the German Blitzkrieg of May 1940, which ended in the successful evacuation from Dunkirk. Most of the content on this site is created by our users, who are members of the Exactly how many were killed in this evacuation I am unsure, but all together, with the Lancastria, other ships and on the trains it must have been 2000+. During the siege, after being the Western Desert Force the Division became the 70th British Division. The South Lancashire Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence from 1881 to 1958. The Sherwood Foresters was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence for just under 90 years, from 1881 to 1970. All the RAF and British troops were tehn withdrawn, and there was this mad dash to get to the ports. But knowing what is there and what to ask for is not easy. At any one time, one battalion was to be on foreign service and one on "home" service. In 1941, it was decided to convert the 42nd Division into an armoured division due to a shortage of armoured troops and the division became the 42nd Armoured Division. Five men of the Border Regiment were awarded the Victoria Cross, all during the First World War: By 1919, all the war-formed battalions had been disbanded and the system of rotating the two regular battalions had resumed. I will try to have it completed for contribution in advance of the imminent closure. But then, on hearing that Rouen had fallen into enemy hands, Fécamp became the destination. In 1924, it moved to Aden, returning to England in the following year. There appears to have been strict censorship in operation at the time. The relief of Tobruk, the capture of Sidi Rezegh and the capture of El Adem was thus the second defeat of the German land forces. With reference to the siege of Tobruk, I append a list of North Country Regiments below. For any other comments, please Contact Us. To be perfectly honest, until this last year when I have been a volunteer story-gatherer for this "People's War" project, most of the WW2 research I have done has been in France, and a little bit in Belgium and the Netherlands. The South Wales Borderers was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence for 280 years. Like the 1st and 4th battalions, it was also evacuated at Dunkirk. Disembarking, they moved to El Quassasin by rail. However I have been to Rennes, visited his grave and spoke to some local people. Moving out from the Brittany towns of Brest, Morlaix and St Malo, and then finally arriving at Aumale, the 4th Border was allotted the task of capturing three bridges west of Amiens on the River Somme. 5th Bn Border Regiment War Diary, June 1944 – November 1945, TNA file WO 166/17146. It would seem reasonable therefore to assume your Mr. Hutchinson and his comrades transited through Rennes shortly before. 170th Brigade was a 2nd-Line infantry formation of the British Territorial Force raised during the First World War that served on the Western Front. L/Cpl. Ervine-Andrews was leading a company of the 1st Battalion, East Lancashire Regiment, defending 1,000 yards of line along the Canal de Bergues in front of Dunkirk. After returning to the United Kingdom, it served as home defence in the anticipation of a German invasion. The Royal Sussex Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army that was in existence from 1881 to 1966. The Border Regiment was a line infantry infantry regiment of the British Army, which was formed in 1881 under the Childers Reforms by the amalgamation of the 34th (Cumberland) Regiment of Foot and the 55th (Westmorland) Regiment of Foot. I've left a message for Jemma, the co-ordinator for the Radio Cumbria volunteer story gatherers, asking for your question to be passed on to Mr Hutchinson, and if he has further details. It was with these personal weapons that many fought as infantry in the last few days of the withdrawal to Dunkirk. After returning to the United Kingdom, it spent time in South Wales on Guard duties before being posted to North Africa in 1941. It was believed that this was the infantry of the 7th German Panzers. © Copyright of content contributed to this Archive rests with the author. The 1st Airborne Division was all but destroyed. ... A Turkish corps attacking down toward Mosul would help us too by threatening their rear. The date of the first contact with the enemy was early on the morning of 24th May 1940. The Border Regiment was officially formed in 1881 when the 34th and 55th Regiments of Foot were amalgamated as part of the Childers Reforms. 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