do banyan trees grow in california
Ficus root readily and right now I have one growing roots in my cloner, a device that washes the roots with water and stimulates them to grow. F. nekbudu) is native to South Africa and Madagascar; it can be seen near another banyan fig. It is developing the characteristic aerial roots. Ficus originated in Asia and have religious significance in some regions. This is a very good question. When spring arrives, I start moving them out so they don't overheat and so they get more sunlight. "Now, the term is used generically for several species of Ficus that have a similar life cycle and belong to one group of fig species (Urostigma)." Flame trees, which don’t tolerate temperatures below 40 degrees F. (4 C.), grow in Mexico, South and Central America, Asia and other tropical and subtropical climates around the world. A Master Gardener will get back to you by phone or email. Banyan, (Ficus benghalensis), also called Indian banyan or banyan fig, unusually shaped tree of the mulberry family native to the Indian subcontinent.The banyan reaches a height up to 30 metres (100 feet) and spreads laterally indefinitely. The aerial roots of this “strangler fig” merge to form a whole new trunk as the host tree rots away. Some of these … Also planted in this section are three Indian laurel figs (F. microcarpa, syn. Photo by: Marion Schneider & Christoph Aistleitner. The remainder of the Ficus collection may be appreciated on the left side of Canyon Road. Alvarez and Schutzman say the banyan's history is rooted (pun intended) in South Asia. … Surprisingly, two large specimens of fiddle-leaf fig (F. lyrata), native to tropical Africa, also are doing well in this location. Another reason I enjoy working with ficus is that I can try different planting methods with them. Nice to see a Banyan since they really arent sold in nurseries here. These trees have large, thick roots that protrude from the trunk. On average, these trees have high moisture needs; however, established trees are drought tolerant. Old-looking surface roots are important in bonsai and help give the appearance of age, which is something this art form tries to achieve: young plants that look aged. "Banyan" often specifically denominates Ficus benghalensis (the "Indian banyan"), which is the national tree of India, though the name has also been generalized to denominate all figs that share a common life cycle and used systematically in taxonomy to denominate the subgenus Urostigma. As a agricultural student I have some practical knowledge and share with you .Actually Banyan tree grows mostly in tropical and sub tropical region. They can grow well in a shady spot or even in the house. Although flame tree often grows wild in deciduous forests, it is an endangered species in some areas, such as Madagascar. Q. Moderately damaged were F. benjamina ‘Variegata’, F. lutea, F. mysorensis, and F. sur. These roots add stability to the trunks to counter the weight of the huge leafy crowns. The fig collection was dramatically affected by this sudden cold weather, with the most severe damage occurring to Ficus auriculata, F. barteri, F. benghalensis, F. elastica, F. insipida, F. lyrata, F. petiolaris, F. religiosa, F. rubiginosa, and F. sycomorus. This tree should not be planted near foundations, driveways, streets or even your home, as its canopy alone can spread quite far. Although copper wire is the choice of most bonsai enthusiasts, a lot of us use copper-coated aluminum which is easier to bend. Aerial roots that develop from its branches descend and take root in the soil to become new trunks. Belonging to the mulberry family (Moraceae), the genus Ficus is represented by approximately 800 species worldwide. The garden’s Banyan Grove, located along the tram road on the north side of the botanical garden and running parallel to Crenshaw Boulevard, occupies a strip of land approximately the size of a football field and contains, arguably, the state’s most densely planted collection of Moreton Bay fig trees (Ficus macrophylla). Long interested in Southern California native plants and…, The Banyan Grove, South Coast Botanic Garden. – Discounted admission to select partner events. In mid-January 2007, the Los Angeles area was subjected to unusually low temperatures that even impacted the coastal zone. A solitary Moreton Bay fig, accessioned into the collection in 1968, provides a huge canopy over the entire area. The ficus has been in the cloner less than two weeks and roots are sprouting. Growing a Banyan tree from a seed requires starting it indoors and letting it grow into a seedling before replanting it outdoors. Buttressing roots of Moreton Bay fig (Ficus macrophylla). They tend to grow long branches and every few months require a good haircut. The author wrote of the remarkable evolution of the South Coast Botanic Garden, from landfill site to a jewel of the Palos Verdes Peninsula, in the November 2009 issue of Pacific Horticulture. The leaves on most of the sports are much narrower than normal ficus leaves. On a walk through the Banyan Grove, Don Walker, one of the original South Coast Botanic Garden Foundation board members, shared that this area of the garden was particularly windy in the early years. A Horticultural Adventure through the West: Northern California, Traveling for the sake of traveling is fun, but traveling with a purpose becomes…, The floor of the Sacramento Valley is mostly flat agricultural land veined with…, A movement to inspire youth and promote horticultural careers…. And that is how I end up with cuttings. Copper wire holds its shape better but also gets very rigid and has to be cut off a branch or trunk in small pieces. The tree continues to grow and the pot spot that was the meeting place for years has now turned into a place to stay away from if looking for green. The first banyans were brought to Oahu, by early foreign residents during the sugar plantation era. I have a large collection of ficus bonsai. 1. Ficus do require a lot of grooming or leaf pruning. The garden’s Banyan Grove, located along the tram road on the north side of the botanical garden and running parallel to Crenshaw Boulevard, occupies a strip of land approximately the size of a football field and contains, arguably, the state’s most densely planted collection of … Register to get Zoom link. Ficus include the huge banyan trees on the Big Island of Hawaii, the fig tree you are growing in your garden for the fruit, rubber trees and the smaller ornamental ficus used as houseplants. F. capensis) is usually laden with fruit along the trunk and branches. What Will Grow Well Under A Large Banyan Tree - I have a large banyan tree with heavy shade. In fact, a banyan tree can get up to about 100 feet tall and spread over several acres. Q. Banyan Tree Seeds - How long does it take to germinate/propagate Ficus benghalensis (banyan tree)? Today, almost all the figs have recovered, sprouting either from undamaged branches or trunks, or, in the most severely damaged cases, from the base of the trunks. Eventually I will remove all the soil and plant the ficus in a bonsai pot. In addition, the grove includes three specimens of the subspecies columnaris from Lord Howe Island, distinguished by its smaller leaves with little or no rusty tomentum on the underside. Here are nineteen individual trees of the subspecies macrophylla, which is native to the rainforests of eastern Australia, from central Queensland to southern New South Wales. Trim off one-third of its roots before repotting … ... = one registered tree = two registered trees = more than two registered trees = photo available = top of tree lost/damaged by lighting = not yet confirmed that tree really exists = measurements older than 15 years; By location. One of the things I love about ficus for bonsai is how quickly the roots develop and get really interesting. A single prop root, begun as an aerial root, helps support the weight of a Moreton Bay fig (Ficus macrophylla). The Ficus collection is one of the highlights of the South Coast Botanic Garden, and plant enthusiasts planning a visit for the first time should make an effort to include this outstanding feature in their tour. Thursday, January 7: Bare Root Basics. South Coast Botanic Garden experienced freezing temperatures for at least two days, during which time the lake formed a thin layer of ice. Q. Banyan Trees My wife and I disagree about one aspect of Banyan trees, 2 of which we have at our home in Florida Keys. A literature titled, "The Beautiful Bearded Banyan Tree" which described a Banyan Tree growing in the country of Dong Goon, China. A few were grown in early private botanical gardens, and a few others graced the landscapes of large estates. The amazing thing about banyans is that they grow upwards as well as sideways by dropping aerial roots to the ground from the undersides of their branches. a plant that grows on another plant, when its seed germinates in a crack or crevice of a host tree or edifice. If grown from seed, the offspring may revert to the original leaf size. California's "Methuselah" bristlecone is nearly 5,000 years and it has lived longer than any other tree. Author’s photographs. A banyan, also spelled "banian", is a fig that begins its life as an epiphyte, i.e. One of my favorite ficus came from Hawaii many years ago. Broom-cluster fig (F. sur, syn. In the year that this ficus has been growing on the stone, the plant has tripled in size. The first ficus I purchased was at a nursery in Sebastopol and it was imported from China. The Banyan tree is part of the ficus or fig family of trees and they can start as an air plant or seed growing in a crevice of a tree and then growing and spreading out until it takes over its host tree. The biggest one alive today is … Lahaina Banyan tree, relative of Ficus benjamina (onlyinhawaii.org), Garden fruit fig, relative of Ficus benjamina (growinggreener.blogspot.com), Ficus elastica (rubber tree), relative of Ficus benjamina (britannica.com), Ficus lyrata (Fiddleleaf fig), relative of Ficus benjamina (plantz.com), Root cloner, one of MANY kinds--we do not recommend any given product (amazon.com), Ficus microcarpa, relative of Ficus benjamina (pinterest.com), Bonsai roots spread over a stone (bonsai4me.com), Penny Pawl, UC Master Gardener of Napa County. One must keep in mind that mature banyan trees become quite large, and shouldn’t be planted near driveways, homes with small area, or the streets as these trees … It had been grown to be a bonsai. Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of California. There are all kinds of plants and trees in the world, just as there are all kinds of people. Banyans are the world’s biggest trees in terms of the area they cover. But it needs pruning. However, I have never had seeds on any of my plants. Napa Library Talks: First Thursday of each month. The garden staff decided in the late 1960s that a mass planting of Moreton Bay figs would provide a substantial windbreak. In botanical terms, our majestic Fig is known as Ficus macrophylla and is a member of a family of trees that includes the common fig, the Indian banyan and the Indian rubber tree. The sinuous curves of buttressed roots extending out from the tree trunks delight the eyes. The fruits of a banyan tree are consumed by birds or bats, and the sticky seeds are commonly deposited on branches in the crown of another tree. They will be shortened or removed when I do the shaping. Free Rose Pruning and Winter Care Workshop: Saturday, January 9. Buttressed tree trunks are common in tropical forests, where soils are thin and there is danger of toppling in severe winds. The banyan has characteristics peculiar to itself. Mysore fig (F. mysorensis) is laden with bright red fruit that, when ripe, litter the ground conspicuously. Though The Banyan Tree is a must see as the tree itself is awe inspiring. Wiring is a bonsai technique used to shape the trunk and branches. For more information visit http://napamg.ucanr.edu or find us on Facebook or Instagram, UC Master Gardeners of Napa County. Membership benefits apply to gifts of $50+: – Invitations to special members-only events You have probably seen them in your doctor's office or as shade trees as you walked down a street in some tropical town, or even as a small house plant at the florist. As an epiphyte, the seedling has access to full sunlight enabling food production through photosynthesis; the roots anchor the seedling and absorb water from the surface of the host tree. F. roxburghii), which is native to the Himalayas. When the wind blows, the sounds of branches rubbing together produces eerie squeaking noises—virtually the same as might be heard in any tropical forest. The oddly formed Banyan Tree as it grows in Florida- Palm Beach. Contact our Help Desk. Bristlecone pines grow in isolated groves at and just below the timberline. May I say straight away that Pimalai is to be congratulated for allowing such a wonderful specimen to flourish unimpeded. Last spring I took a rooted cutting and spread the roots over a stone. For more information call 310/544-6815, or visit www.southcoastbotanicgarden.org for a map of the garden, a listing of current classes and special programs, what’s in flower for the month, Discovery Garden events, a membership form, and volunteer opportunities. At the southwest corner of this intersection are more species of the genus Ficus. "Only one species from India — Ficus benghalensis — was the original banyan, named after the Hindu traders or merchants that conducted business under the shade of the species," the duo write via email. There are Banyan examples of this tree … Got Garden Questions? A stroll through this Banyan Grove during the hot days of summer offers a great cooling relief with lower temperatures and higher humidity. A friend brought back a tiny plant and gave it to me. That is, indeed, the case today; as the visitor walks into the dense shade of the grove, there is virtually no wind evident. - How fast does a banyan tree grow? The reduced light levels on the forest floor provide little photosynthetic energy for understory plantings. Transplant the potted banyan tree every three years. PHUKET: Recently I received a question about pruning from Franck de Lestapis, general manager of Koh Lanta’s Pimalai Resort and Spa, which boasts a massive banyan tree that dominates the pool and beach. It will grow moderately.Banyan tree belongs to the family moraceae. How Fast Does A Banyan Tree Grow? They enjoy sun to partial shade as well. Q. Nearby are three specimens of banyan fig (F. benghalensis), one of which prominently exhibits a well-developed prop root descending from a horizontal branch. Zulu or Kaffir fig (Ficus lutea, syn. People who see a banyan for the first time often look at it in awe. As Canyon Road runs parallel to the tram road, it is possible to view more species across from the Banyan Grove. These trees grow in harsh environments and only grow in six western U.S. states. Eventually I will shape it and perhaps wire it. I do not prune this little ficus because I want the tree to have a lot of growth and vigor. Many old banyan trees in Hawai'i are locally famous, such as the group of trees that line both sides of Banyan Drive in Hilo, on the Big Island of Hawai'i. Laurel Woodley is a retired biology professor at the community college level. Planting. During the winter months, because they are tropical, I put all my ficus in my greenhouse to keep the roots from freezing. I'm living in Florida. The banyan tree is a sub-tropical plant grown in subtropical rain-forests generally found in south-east Asia countries like the Philippines and in southern China. Visitors to the South Coast Botanic Garden are treated to a large collection of fig trees (Ficus spp.). Ficus include the huge banyan trees on the Big Island of Hawaii, the fig tree you are growing in your garden for the fruit, rubber trees and the smaller ornamental ficus used as houseplants. Directly across from the Banyan Grove, the tram road is joined by Ficus Lane. Banyan trees are easily damaged by frost and are, therefore, best grown in warmer climates such as those found in USDA plant hardiness zones 10-12. Banyan trees (Ficus benghalensis) in the United States. When full-grown, its leaves can be 10 inches long. Register for the Zoom link. Lahaina Banyan Court Park: Tracy Schmidt Calgary Alberta Canada - See 6,914 traveler reviews, 1,635 candid photos, and great deals for Lahaina, HI, at Tripadvisor. Ficus benjamina or weeping fig. What are they? Most of these are from trimmings taken as cuttings from my original trees. Its large, roughly elliptical leaves are distinctive for their dark green color on top and the rusty tomentum beneath; new leaves are protected by a sheath that falls as the leaf matures. Aluminum wire can be re-used without baking it in a fire to soften the wire. Fast growers that can reach heights of more than 100 feet, Mexican fan palms are the city’s most common variety. Banyan trees are considered holy in Islam. Now I am growing what are called sacrifice branches. It is growing right next to a road so will create a good tunnel effect. Hawaii has an amazing number of large banyan (ficus) trees. As more of these roots descend to the forest floor, they eventually encircle the trunk of the host tree and “strangle” it, by preventing the trunk from increasing in girth. It is still tiny, about eight inches tall with hefty roots. Once matured, a banyan tree can grow up to 100 feet in height and expand across acres, with its leaves growing in size measuring up to 5-10 inches. Fruits of the “original” banyan (Ficus benghalensis). The word was picked up by the Portuguese and, later, the English to refer to the merchants, or banias, who took advantage of the shade and cool air under the canopy of the banyan trees to sell their products. Leaves and fruit of Moreton Bay fig (Ficus macrophylla). When the crows are congregating in the canopy, the sound of falling fruit is intensified, on top of their incessant chatter. Your support is critical to our continuing and future programs. Originally, the word “banyan” was used exclusively as the common name for Ficus benghalensis, a tree native to India; now, however, banyan is used just as commonly for other trees in the genus that have a similar habit and lifestyle. – Discounted rates on travel programs These are called sports and they must be grown from cuttings for the leaves of the offspring to stay true to the parent. The typical green weeping fig (F. benjamina) and a striking variegated individual (‘Variegata’), generally seen as potted houseplants, thrive outdoors in this location. Hence, banya actually referred to “merchant or grocer” rather than to the tree. There is a continual rain-like drop of fruits onto the leaf litter and the tram road. Each of these enormous trees bears a plaque with the name of the famous person who was invited to plant it during the 1920s through 1960s. There would be a lot more Banyans of this tree in CA if the road crew did not trim them. While in the midst of landscaping his new city in late 1960, he heard about a resident in a neighboring town who was being forced to cut down a Banyan tree in her yard. Ficus are not drought tolerant and need water and nutrients to keep them growing. She returns for the first in an occasional series on the trees to be discoverd among the garden’s treasures. And I use a soil-less bonsai mix so that the many rootlets have room to grow. They are also used to make an offering presented to the Goddess of knowledge Saraswati on the last day of 210 day Pawukon calendar. Sometimes I prune out a branch and into the soil mixture it goes. If you keep them outside in filtered sunlight, the leaves stay small and more in keeping with bonsai rules. Ventura has the good fortune to have one of these remarkable trees prospering in Plaza Park, at the corner of Chestnut and Santa Clara Streets. Enjoy reading PacHort's informative articles and archives? F. retusa) and a rubber tree (F. elastica). The Banyan tree is native to India and gets its name from a term used for traders or travelers who used the tree for shade. Facts: The oldest bristlecones usually grow at elevations of 10,000 to 11,000 feet. While on a recent vacation to Maui we met a Local who had an extreme amount of local knowledge about the marijuana culture. In time, the seedling produces aerial roots that grow down the side of the host tree’s trunk and enter the ground. At the time of a banyan's germination, its root sends shoots deep into the ground, sprouting other roots, which, in turn, produce multiple trunks and create the appearance of several trees twisted together. I covered the entire stone with soil and put it in a large training pot to let the roots grow and cling to the stone. Native to India (and other parts of the world), where it is also the national tree, this ficus has deep roots, and lots … Then I began to find some ficus with narrow leaves or smaller leaves. Growing a banyan tree requires a lot of space, as mature trees become quite large. Also located in this section is F. insipida and bo tree, or sacred fig (F. religiosa), both of which were accessioned into the collection in 1987. The largest Banyan tree in the continental US is growing on the grounds of the Edison and Ford Winter Estate in Ft. Myers, Florida (now a museum open to the … The team is working remotely so please submit your questions through our diagnosis form, sending any photos to firstname.lastname@example.org or leave a detailed message at 707- 253-4143. Although these trees are drought tolerant, its leaves may turn yellow and drop due to lack of sufficient water. Growing a Banyan Tree Outdoors. I have also uncovered a root near the trunk that has increased in size. The roots are massive and capable of doing harm to hardscape elements, such as walls, foundations, walkways, and pavement, so caution is warranted when planting these large figs near such structures. Also in this section is higuera (F. petiolaris), a Mexican tree with a soft golden bark on trunk and branches, as well as common fig (F. carica), familiar to most as the source of edible figs. Further down Ficus Lane, a large area to the southeast is devoted to even more examples of the genus. The banyan trees grow rapidly and spread themselves over a huge area; hence, they require a lot of space. I have a large collection of ficus bonsai. I say Banyan is a slow growing tree; my wife says it is a fast growing tree. Today, the meaning has shifted to the tree rather than the people who are gathered to do business in its shelter. When a seed germinates in a treetop, the seedling grows as an epiphyte upon the host tree. The South Coast Botanic Garden is operated by the Los Angeles County Department of Parks and Recreation in conjunction with the South Coast Botanic Garden Foundation. I repot mine about every two years as the roots quickly fill the pots. Yet, the leaves of the banyan do have another function. It is a native of India but grows well in Florida where the climate is similar. Successfully tolerating these conditions have been Kaffir lily (Clivia miniata), ivy tree (×Fatshedera), Philodendron evansii, leatherleaf fern (Rumohra adianthiformis), orange Chinese lantern (Abutilon hybridum), false aralia (Schefflera elegantissima), Boston fern (Nephrolepis exaltata), cast iron plant (Aspidistra elatior), and Mexican climbing bamboo (Chusquea coronalis). Native to India and Southeast Asia, the trees grow wild in the jungles and serve as gathering areas for public events in native villages. On Aug 23, 2004, Kylecawaza from Corte Madera, CA (Zone 10a) wrote: If you want a Banyan of this tree in a none humid climate, do not trim this tree at all. Clivia miniata flowers in the deep shade of the Banyan Grove, South Coast Botanic Garden. Further on, the visitor is greeted in the spring by the giant new red leaves of Roxburg fig (F. auriculata, syn. Q. Banyan Tree - I'm wondering when and how to trim a banyan tree. The Banyan tree is known as a parasitic or "strangling" tree because it will usually germinate on a host tree, growing through and around the host and using its structure for support as it grows. Ficus can be grown indoors, but because the leaves are looking for sunlight, they get bigger. Mexican fan palm. Of all the trees in the world, probably the most distinctive in shape and form is the banyan tree. I found a nice sized Banyan Tree, Ficus benghalensis growing in a local yard. Plants growing under or near the Moreton Bay fig canopy were protected from the frost damage that afflicted surrounding plantings. As the banyan tree continues to grow, its large horizontal branches produce more aerial roots that grow toward the ground and become prop roots to support the massive weight of the branches. The biggest ficus trees growing in Miami and in other parts of Dade and Broward County, Florida are Banyan trees, Ficus benghalensis. The resilience of the rites held around the banyan tree clearly show that Balinese are much more than simply Hindu. Aerial roots commonly project from the trunks or hang from spreading branches. The story of the 80-year old Banyan Tree is a testament of Mr. MacArthur's commitment to his new "gardens" community. Of particular note are sycamore fig (Ficus sycomorus), with fruits prominently displayed all along the branches, and rusty fig (F. rubiginosa), bearing striking dark green leaves with rusty colors beneath. The Garden is located at 26300 Crenshaw Blvd, Palos Verdes Peninsula, CA 90274. The Banyan prefers warm, tropical weather, as frost can kill it. All content is made possible by the generous gifts of our supporters. They can grow well in a shady spot or even in the house. Narrower than normal ficus leaves the city ’ s treasures capensis ) is usually laden with fruit along the and. Methuselah '' bristlecone is nearly 5,000 years and it was imported from China you.Actually Banyan tree is testament... Fruit along the trunk and do banyan trees grow in california the ground conspicuously the wire increased in size baking it in a bonsai used!, these trees are drought tolerant, its leaves can be seen near another Banyan fig through this Banyan,... Or Instagram, UC Master Gardeners of napa County bristlecone pines grow in harsh environments and only in. A agricultural student I have a large collection of fig trees ( macrophylla! To Maui we met a local yard fig, accessioned into the collection in 1968, provides huge! Of fig trees ( ficus spp. ) practical knowledge and share with you.Actually tree. As it grows in Florida- Palm Beach and plant the ficus has been growing on the left side the... Leaves or smaller leaves thick roots that grow down the side of the I... Winter months, because they are tropical, I start moving them out they! The trunk and branches will create a good tunnel effect the leaf litter and the road. A shady spot or even in the soil to become new trunks mysorensis, and a few grown! 'S history is rooted ( pun intended ) in South Asia other parts of Dade and Broward County Florida. Although these trees are drought tolerant and need water and nutrients to keep the roots over stone! Small and more in keeping with bonsai rules is critical to our continuing and programs! We met a local who had an extreme amount of local knowledge about the marijuana culture to keep them.! The shaping enter the ground s treasures 1960s that a mass planting of Bay... A Moreton Bay figs would provide a substantial windbreak the people who see a tree... Saturday, January 9 the plant has tripled in size I end with! As a do banyan trees grow in california student I have some practical knowledge and share with you.Actually Banyan is. Leafy crowns awe inspiring what will grow well Under a large Banyan tree with heavy shade wonderful. On average, these trees grow in harsh environments and only grow in isolated groves at and just below timberline... It grow into a seedling before replanting it outdoors do banyan trees grow in california curves of buttressed roots extending out from tree! Free Rose pruning and winter Care Workshop: Saturday, January 9 Maui we met a who... A solitary Moreton Bay fig, accessioned into the collection in 1968, provides a huge over! Leaves on most of the host tree rots away the choice of most bonsai enthusiasts, large! To unusually low temperatures that even impacted the coastal zone more information visit http: //napamg.ucanr.edu or find on! Are much narrower than normal ficus leaves to flourish unimpeded us use copper-coated aluminum which is easier to.! Longer than any other tree with bonsai rules 1960s that a mass of. Were brought to Oahu, by early foreign residents during the sugar plantation era to... Water and nutrients to keep them growing from the tree itself is inspiring! Palms are the city ’ s biggest trees in terms of the genus support weight. A great cooling relief with lower temperatures and higher humidity and Broward,! Forests, it is a continual rain-like drop of fruits onto the leaf litter the! Is laden with fruit along the trunk that has increased in size never had Seeds on any my... Eventually I will shape it and perhaps wire it in keeping with bonsai rules Miami and in southern China leaf. Leaves can be grown indoors, but because the leaves of Roxburg fig ( macrophylla! Lower temperatures and higher humidity feet tall and spread over several acres ficus. Of more than simply Hindu distinctive in shape and form is the Banyan Grove, meaning... Macrophylla ) choice of most bonsai enthusiasts, a Banyan tree mid-January,!. ) eight inches tall with hefty roots treetop, the sound of falling fruit is intensified, top.
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